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Post by sWamp-Ass on Sun Oct 21, 2012 2:30 pm

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Voluntaryism, or voluntarism, is generally considered to be the philosophy which holds that all forms of human association should be voluntary.[1]

The New Shorter Oxford English Dictionary offers the following definitions, citing usage that dates back to the 1830s:
voluntar[y]ism "The principle that the Church or schools should be independent of the State and supported by voluntary contributions.
voluntar[y]ist "An advocate or adherent of voluntarism or voluntaryism."

The term was generally used to describe a variety of different political philosophies prior to the late twentieth century.

Voluntaryists often advocate the use of the education, persuasion, and non-violent resistance as the primary ways to change people's ideas about the state and their behavior toward it.[2] The moral principle most frequently used to support voluntaryism is the non-aggression principle.

Many voluntaryists base their thinking on the ideas of voluntaryist philosophers Murray Rothbard and Robert LeFevre. Rothbard maintained, first, that every government "presumes to establish a compulsory monopoly of defense (police and courts) service over some geographical area. So that individual property owners who prefer to subscribe to another defense company within that area are not allowed to do so"; and, second, that every government obtains its income by stealing, euphemistically labeled "taxation". "All governments, however limited they may be otherwise, commit at least these two fundamental crimes against liberty and property."

Agorism is a revolutionary libertarian political philosophy that advocates the goal of the bringing about of a society in which all relations between people are voluntary exchanges by means of counter-economics, thus engaging in a manner with aspects of peaceful revolution. It was created by libertarian philosopher Samuel Edward Konkin III in 1975.



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